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Etoro and The bank F*&CKERY - They're both robbing you.

So im looking to invest through Etoro for the long term, Im a math freak and I create various spreadsheets to track my money, anyways to the point, I'm from the UK so the exchange is a real hassle.... not so much when depositing but when I withdraw, ill go into some numbers below.
Lets say I start the year by investing £10000 and I make 50%, great right? yeah, but heres some more numbers.
If I withdraw £15000 from USD to GBP ill have 13.14% of my profits slashed, my banks exchange rate is 1.4107... etorro is 1.2875 from GBP to USD, so £15000 would equate to $19312 USD, as etorro only handles USD and withdraws in USD.
So with $19,312 I withdraw I lose $5 > $19,307. $19,307 Is sent to my bank and my bank converts it to GBP at a rate of 1.4107 which leaves me at £13,686. thats £1314 taken away from me. 13.14% gone. and yes you could say "just dont withdraw then" lets see another example.
Deposit: £30,000 Etoro Conversion: $38,625Profit made: 50%: £45,000 Etoro Conversion: $57,937Withdrawal Free $5 --- $57932
$57932 in withdrawn, $5 fee is taken and is now on its way to the bank.
Natwest handles this withdrawn money at a rate of 1.4107 so our final sum ends at £41,966.49 with a EOY return of 36.89, again we have lost 13.11%. and the banks have taken £3034
So what does this mean? this is bad news to those who are not from the US, alot of people aim for 10% profits per year only to find out that they've made nothing because of the exchange rates, I have ran the numbers multiple time and its crazy when you see the truth, why cant Etoro handle withdrawal conversions? theyre making millions from forex and CFD spreads as it is.
The only solution is if Etoro withdraws your money the same way you deposit it.....
EDIT: this is only the case if you withdraw your funds that aren't your bank account currency, comments below have mentioned that you can choose your withdrawal currency so this shouldn't be a issue, but take this as a lesson, above is a prime example if you choose the wrong option, the banks will penalise your profits big time.
submitted by Zephh26 to Etoro [link] [comments]

What Is Forex?

What Is Forex?

A New Era

Although it might seem easy to invest in Forex nowadays, by just logging into an account with a broker, deposit some money and start actively trading; it has not always been like this, as forex industry has rapidly changed in the past three decades.
Before technology and free-floating currencies took over the industry, world currency exchanges were operating under the Bretton Woods System of Money Management. This agreement established rules for commercial and financial relations among top economies, tying their currencies to gold. Hence, a currency note issued by any world government represented a real amount of gold held in a vault by that nation. When in July 1944 delegates from all over the world sign off the pact, the main goal was to reduce lack of cooperation between countries and therefore avoiding currency wars. This process of regulating the foreign exchange brought to the foundation of the international money fund (IMF) and the International Bank of Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), today part of World bank Group.
However, in the early 70s the real-world economics outpaced the system, dollar suffered from severe inflation cutting its value by half. At that time unemployment rate was 6.1% and inflation 5.84%. Finally, in August 1971, U.S. government led by Richard Nixon took away gold standard, creating the first fiat currency and replacing Bretton Woods System with De Facto. Together with this there were other important measures taken by the USA president to combat that high inflation regime:
  1. This decision was driven by many European nations asking to redeem their dollars for gold, till leaving Bretton Woods System. This had an enormous impact on USD which plunged against European currencies. Consequently, USA congress release a report suggesting USD devaluation to protect the currency from foreign gougers. However, dollar dropped again, and Treasury Secretary was directed to suspend the USD convertibility with gold; hence foreign governments could no longer exchange their USD with gold.
  2. The inflation level was skyrocketing and one more action taken by Nixon was to freeze all wages and prices for 90 days, this was the first time since WWII.
  3. Import surcharge of 10% was set up to safeguard American products ensuring no disadvantage in trades.
Today, USD dominates financial markets, accounting together with the EURO, for approximately 50% of all currency exchange transactions in the world.
1971 represents the beginning of a new forex trading era, bringing this market to be the largest and most liquid in the world, with an average of daily trading volume exceeding $5trn. All the world’s combined stock markets don t even come close to this, what does this mean to you?
In an environment which is controlled by free-floating currencies moving constantly, following principles of supply and demand, there are constant and exciting trading opportunities, unavailable when investing in different markets.
In this article are shared main features of what is forex trading today and how can be an incredible new source of income for everyone who is into financial markets.

What Is Forex?

Forex is the acronym for foreign exchange which intends to be a decentralized or over the counter (OTC) marketplace, where currencies from all over the world are traded 24 hours, five days a week. Main financial centres include New York, Chicago, London, Tokyo and Frankfurt for Eurozone. It is by far the largest market in the world in terms of volume, followed by the credit market. Being highly liquid is an important feature that allows traders to be able to enter and exit their positions very quickly. Nevertheless, while trading forex, an investor should be aware of several components:
Dynamicity – forex is an extremely fast environment, this means that currency rates can move very fast, influenced by price action signals and fundamental factors. Therefore, going into forex trading, one needs to be aware of adopting serious risk and money management strategies in order to be effective, limiting losses.
Zero Sum Game – trading forex is not like investing in the stock market but is known to be a zero-sum game. For example, going into the equity market buying some tech shares, they could both rise or decrease in value. In forex is different because currencies work in pairs; for instance, an investor decides Euro will go up he or she is doing it against another currency. Thus, in this specific marketplace one currency will rise while the other will fall, meaning an investor is buying the currency hoping it will appreciate to the other, or selling the one that will depreciate.
See image below:
Figure 1: Main traded currency pairs
https://preview.redd.it/vu77ziuoyle31.png?width=574&format=png&auto=webp&s=9b1693bf27508fcb142705c309de1fc5b3e8fa19
Currency pairs are composed by a base and a price currency. Main forex trading principle is how much price currency an investor can buy using 1 unit of the base, thus, the base currency, which is the first one in line within the quotation, is always equal to 1.
Because like every financial instrument currency pairs are driven by fundamentals of supply and demand, forex is intensively influenced by geopolitical and macroeconomic factors.
Capital Markets – these are the most visible indicators of a country economic health, where usually the healthier the economy the stronger the currency. For example, a rapid sell-off from a country will show that nation is not economically stable, subsequently investors will think negatively of it depreciating its currency.
Moreover, many countries are sector driven, this means that their currencies are strictly correlated with certain resources. For instance, Canada which is a commodity-based market, CAD is strictly linked to price of Brent and metals, a swing in those will affect the Canadian currency.
Finally, credit market is also connected to forex since also relies heavily on interest rate so, a change in bond yield will have major impact on currency prices. like increase in yield will favour bullish market for USD
International Trade – Trade levels serve as a proxy for relative demand of goods from a nation, a country which goods and services that are in high demand internationally, will experience an appreciation to its currency. This is an effect driven by all other countries converting their currencies into the one of that state to purchase its goods and services. Let’s say a product from USA is in high demand globally, all the other countries must sell their currencies to buy dollars to then see their goods shipped, thus USD will appreciate.
Trade surplus and deficit also indicate a nation competitive standing in international trade. Countries with a large trade deficit are usually importers resulting in more of their currencies being sold to buy goods worldwide, thus they will see their currencies devaluate.
Geopolitics – The political landscape of a nation places a major role in the economic outlook for that country and consequently, the perceived value of its own currency. Beside building up price action strategies, based purely on price levels, forex traders constantly look at economic calendars and news to gauge what could move currencies. A geopolitical event which is having a great impact on GBP, is the election of Boris Johnson as UK prime minister, driving the local currency to 2 years low, yesterday 29th of July 2019. Therefore, when investors observe instability from a nation political environment, there are high chances that the currency of that country will depreciate.

Why Trading Forex

Beside swapping from a gold standard to free-floating, which change the whole forex trading game, technology is another crucial factor that helped this financial sector to spread globally. With the introduction of internet in the 90s forex opened to retail investors giving access to various trading platforms. The introduction of online platforms and retail investments have increased forex market volume by 5%, up to $250bn of its daily turnover. Different traders may have different reasons for selecting forex, however, mostly is because this is a fertile market plenty of daily opportunities to gauge price action and profit from it.

Volatility

How traders profit from trading forex? Basics of trading are rather simple to understand. An investor buys an asset at a certain price hoping to get rid of it for a higher price. The more volatile is the market for that specific financial instrument, the more revenue is possible to make. Therefore, a trader is looking for long up and down moves rather than market fluctuating sideways.
Volatility is great in forex and a trader can expect to regularly see prices oscillating 50-100 pips on major currency pairs almost any day of the week. Yet again, due to this enormous constant fluctuation, potential losses or gains can be very high thus, rigours money management must be applied to avoid major damages and become a profitable trader. To conclude, volatility is the main characteristic investors are looking at and that is why it is one of the main feature traders can take advantage.
See image below:

Figure 2: FDAX Volatility, H4 (30th May 2019, 16:00, 30th July 2019, 16:00)

Accessibility & Technology

While volatility is the most important element out in the market that tell us why forex is the best market to trade, accessibility comes straight after. This market is more accessible than all the others, trading forex requires an online desk position and as little as $100 to start off an account.
In comparison with the other financial markets, forex requires a rather low trading capital. Moreover, trading forex can be easily accessible from your PC, tablet or mobile since most of retail broker firms operate online. Although, accessibility cannot tell the quality of the market by itself, it definitely shows a reason why many investors try their first trading experience on forex.
Also, the rapid introduction of technology since the 90s, made trading much easier. There are every year more advanced online platforms to trade on with many possible updates and that is why trading forex is edging for many global investors.

Forex Players

Before the introduction of free-floating currency and more importantly cutting hedge technology, forex was a market that could have been traded only by institutional investors. Nowadays however, even retail and individual investor can take advantage of the huge volume forex offers every day.
Banks
Interbank market is the major responsible for the high volume registered daily in forex. This is the place where banks exchange currency among each other, facilitating forex transactions for customers and speculate for their trading desks.
  • Clients transactions: in this case banks of all size act as dealer for clients, where the bid-ask spread represents the profit for the institutions.
  • Speculation: currencies are traded to profit from their price fluctuations as well as to increase diversification on their portfolio
Because banking institutions are the biggest players in foreign exchange market, they are able to push up and down the price of currencies giving an extreme advantage and higher volatility to individual traders who are trying to gauge price moves.
Central Banks
Central banks representing their nation’s government, are crucial in forex. They oversee monetary and fiscal policies having massive influence on currency rates. A central bank is responsible for fixing the price level of its native currency on the market, in other words they take care of the regime currencies will float in the open market.
  • Floating: these are the currencies which price floats on the open market based on principles of supply and demand relative to other currencies
  • Pegged (fixed exchange rate): opposite to floating currencies pegged ones are not free-floating in the open market however, their government rather tie them to the value of a stronger foreign currency. Pegged currencies are more seen in developing countries (CYN to USD).
Because central banks manage interest rates in order to increase the competitiveness of their native nation to another.
  • Dovish: these policies will be lowering down interest rates. A central bank which applies dovish conditions aims to give economic stimulus and guard against deflation. Usually a policy intended to give economy stimulus will weakening the currency value.
  • Hawkish: on the other hand, hawkish policies lead to an increase in interest rate. A central bank that uses hawkish measures aims to reduce inflation. Typically, this kind of policies will reinforce the country currency value.
Investment Managers & Hedge Funds
Portfolio managers and hedge funds are the second investors in forex after central and investment banks. They are hired by huge institutions such as pension to manage their assets. However while portfolio managers of pool funds will buy currency to speculate on foreign securities, hedge funds execute speculative trades as part of their strategies.
Corporations
Also international corporation play a big role in forex. Those firms operating globally, buying and selling goods and services are involved in forex transactions daily. Imagine an American company producing pipes that imports Japanese components and sell the finished product to China. After the sale is closed the CYN must be converted back to USD, while the American company must exchange USD into JPY to repay for the components supply.
Moreover, company involved in international trade have an interest in forex in order to hedge the risk associated with currencies fluctuations making several foreign exchange transactions. For instance, the same American company might buy JPY at spot rate, or enter a swap agreement to obtain JPY in advance, overtaking the risk of the Japanese currency to rise in the future. Therefore, forex become crucial to run companies with many subsidiaries and suppliers all over the word.
Individual & Retail Investors
Even though this investor cluster brings to forex a very limited volume compared to financial institutions and corporations, it is rapidly growing in numbers and popularity. These base their trades on a mixture of fundamentals and technical analysis.
Bottom line, main reason why forex is the most traded market in the world is because gives everyone, from top financial institutions to retail and individual trades, opportunities to make returns on capital invested from currencies price fluctuations related to global economy.
submitted by Horizon_Trading to u/Horizon_Trading [link] [comments]

My musings on why the financial pundits are wrong about the current state of bitcoin...

I should state outright that I am not a financial analyst, however, I have been responsible for some of the most critical architecture and infrastructure for the NYSE exchanges and also Man Group Plc (one of the worlds largest publicly traded hedge funds). So, I've been around financial gurus for a while and have picked up a bit of knowledge here and there about how most of these experts think and act (although that doesn't mean I'm not potentially wildly wrong in my musings).
Nearly every financial analyst and pundit I've read over the last few days during this Bitcoin news explosion has failed to break out of the mindset of this being just another currency exchange.
In a regular forex situation, if a currency suddenly took a 75% drop over the period of 48 hours, you can bet that traders would be damn cautious about dipping their toes back into that currency for a fair amount of time, and even when (if) they did invest again, it would be cautiously and only because they had good reason to suspect a jump in their favor that would justify the potential risk.
This seems to be the model most of the analysis articles I'm reading are taking, and I can understand why their saying the Bitcoins are unlikely to recover from this set back, or that it will take a long time for them to recover, however, I believe they're wrong, for one very simple (and big) reason that they're not considering.
Silkroad...
Most of us here in /bitcoin are speculators, having a bit of fun, playing with money we can afford to lose, because hey, who knows, maybe we'll suddenly become millionaires off our 1,000 USD/GBP/EUR stake.
But people like ourselves are only 50% (random figure plucked out of thin air) of the user base of Bitcoins.
There are a lot of people who are making large regular purchases on Silkroad, and for them they can't, or don't want to, sit around trying to time the market and squeeze every last cent's worth in their purchase. For these people, they don't mind paying a bit above the odds on the exchange rate, simply because that extra $5 in every $100 they're paying is more than offset by the reduction in price, increase in quality and extreme range of products of what they're buying on SR in comparison to what they can get from their "friendly" local neighborhood drug dealer. Let alone that it comes delivered to their door and they don't need to risk walking around a rough area of town with a bundle of cash in their pockets.
It's these people who will consistently keep driving up the value of bitcoins. These people who don't want to spend a week to grab $1,000 worth, who just want to get the coins, make their purchase and then party at the weekend.
So, unless SR switches their acceptable payments, there will continue to be people buying bitcoins at above market rate, and over (not so) prolonged periods these people will continue to cause the market average to rise.
But like I say, this is just like, my opinion man.
TLDR: Peoples love of drugs will cause Bitcoin rates to continue to rise.
Edit: Some typo's and grammar, etc.
Edit 2: So, surely this should work in the other direction too? The vendors raking in these coins from their SR sales need to convert them back to hard cash so they can buy more good to sell, so surely this should counter-act the rises the the markets caused by the customers? I don't believe this is true, simply because for the vendors, this is a business, so they will, and do take the time to play the market, sit on their coins until the rate is in their favor etc. Sure, they mash cash out some here and there at a lower than ideal rate, just to cover their overheads, but you can be damn sure when they make their big cash outs, it's when the markets is in their favor. That said, it will be interesting to see how many SR vendors go dormant for a while after this debacle while they wait for the market to pick up again so they can cash out their coins and buy more stock...
submitted by salnajjar to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

GBP/USD Technical Analysis for January 15, 2020 by FXEmpire usd to gbp - United State American Dollar convert to Canadian Dollar - Usd to Rial - Usd to euro EUR/USD and GBP/USD Forecast February 12, 2020 Live Forex Trading, Presidential Election, EUR/USD, GBP ... Technical Trade Levels: US Dollar, EUR/USD, GBP/USD, USD/CAD & Gold How to Trade GBP/USD: Best Methods! 📈💷 - YouTube Live Forex Trading the news, British Pound on GBP/USD ...

Forex traders said the rupee which started the day on a positive note, witnessed heavy volatility. Forex kitty sees first drop in 6 months to $481.89 billion. The last time forex reserves declined was in the week to September 20, 2019, when it had fallen by $388 million to $428.58 billion. Rupee opens 20 paise up at 74.78 against dollar Get the latest market news on the British Pound - US Dollar pair, including the live GBP/USD rate, news, in depth analysis and outlook. Forex News. Technical Analysis. Economic Calendar . British Pound Sterling to US Dollar Converter. Economies.com offers you a tool to convert British Pound Sterling to US Dollar which allows you to know what is the exchange rate of the currencies GBP/USD.All you have to do is to enter the amount to convert. You may choose any other currency pair to convert. The quotes are live and updated ... GBP/USD. Source: Tradingview, FOREX.com. GBP/USD had pulled back to the 38.2% Fibonacci retracement level from the March lows to the September 1 st highs near 1.2690 and bounced. Over the last week, the pair consolidated between 1.2875 and 1.3075 and traders waited for the next Brexit headline. Are you also wondering what is the 375 USD to GBP exchange rate today? Or, how to do 375 US Dollar to British Pound conversion? 375 USD to GBP exchange rate Nov, 2020 and 375 US Dollar to British Pound conversion data by Conversion Ai provides historical chart price for 375 US Dollar to British Pound with easy to use tools like 375 USD to GBP converter to help you get the best 375 USD to GBP ... GBP USD chart This page shows the values of the current exchange rate British Pound to US Dollar on forex. In order to monitor in real time the dynamics of the exchange rate change GBPUSD, the page displays a quote chart. GBP/USD Video 11.11.20. The Brexit situation will continue to be a main driver for the British pound, but right now it looks as if people are willing to be optimistic again. That being said, we ...

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GBP/USD Technical Analysis for January 15, 2020 by FXEmpire

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